Jargon Buster

Education is full of complicated jargon and abbreviations. Here is a list of some of the frequently used examples you may come across in your child’s first year in school.
DfE – The Department for education - responsible for education and children's services in England.
Academies - Academies are independent state-funded schools. These schools have more freedom over their finances, the curriculum they teach and teachers’ pay and conditions. These schools are funded directly by central government rather than by the local authority. Some academies are sponsored too.
EYFS - Early Years Foundation Stage - A framework for care and education of children from birth to five years of age. The Foundation stage consists of FS1 (nursery) and FS2 (reception).
FS2 - Foundation stage 2 also known as Reception - The first year group in primary schools. 
INSET - In-Service Education and Training - Training for teachers which takes place during te school year.
KS1 - Key Stage 1 - 5-7 years old
KS2 - Key Stage 2 - 7-11 years old
LEA - Local Education Authority
FSM - Free School Meals
PE - Physical Education
RE - Religious Education
PSHE - Personal, Social, Health and Emotional Education
SEND - Special Educational Needs and Disability Provision - Support for pupils with difficulties.
TA- Teaching Assistant – they work in the classroom under the direction of the class teacher to support pupils in their learning
PFA / PTA - Parents’ and Friends’ Association / Parents’ and teachers’ association.
PPA – Planning, Preparation and Assessment - Release time for teachers to complete the stated tasks.
Phonemes - These are the shortest unit of a sound in our language. It can be represented by one, two, three or even four letters. For example: ‘a’ or ‘oa’ or ‘igh’ or ‘ough’.
Segmenting - When letters (phonemes or diagraphs) are split up to help read the word.
Blending – combining sounds together to make words